Model Posing Tips from a Professional Photographer

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Whether you are searching for a career in fashion modeling or glamour modeling, it is very important for you to realize that there is more to becoming a model than just standing there looking beautiful. One very important factor in becoming a good model is posing, and in order for you to learn the different poses needed for the type of modeling career you are seeking it will take practice, practice, practice.

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Auto Insurance History and Claim easily...

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Claim easily,Principles of insurance,claims and loss handling is the materialized utility of insurance,Insurance company claim departments
Finally, claims and loss handling is the materialized utility of insurance; it is the actual "product" paid for, though one hopes it will never need to be used. Claims may be filed by insureds directly with the insurer or through brokers or agents. The insurer may require that the claim be filed on its own proprietary forms, or may accept claims on a standard industry form such as those produced by ACORD

Insurance company claim departments employ a large number of claims adjusters supported by a staff of records management and data entry clerks. Incoming claims are classified based on severity and are assigned to adjusters whose settlement authority varies with their knowledge and experience. The adjuster undertakes a thorough investigation of each claim, usually in close cooperation with the insured, determines its reasonable monetary value, and authorizes payment. Adjusting liability insurance claims is particularly difficult because there is a third party involved (the plaintiff who is suing the insured) who is under no contractual obligation to cooperate with the insurer and in fact may regard the insurer as a deep pocket. The adjuster must obtain legal counsel for the insured (either inside "house" counsel or outside "panel" counsel), monitor litigation that may take years to complete, and appear in person or over the telephone with settlement authority at a mandatory settlement conference when requested by the judge.

In managing the claims handling function, insurers seek to balance the elements of customer satisfaction, administrative handling expenses, and claims overpayment leakages. As part of this balancing act, fraudulent insurance practices are a major business risk that must be managed and overcome. Disputes between insurers and insureds over the validity of claims or claims handling practices occasionally escalate into litigation; see insurance bad faith.

[edit] History of insurance

Main article: History of insurance

In some sense we can say that insurance appears simultaneously with the appearance of human society. We know of two types of economies in human societies: money economies (with markets, money, financial instruments and so on) and non-money or natural economies (without money, markets, financial instruments and so on). The second type is a more ancient form than the first. In such an economy and community, we can see insurance in the form of people helping each other. For example, if a house burns down, the members of the community help build a new one. Should the same thing happen to one's neighbour, the other neighbours must help. Otherwise, neighbours will not receive help in the future. This type of insurance has survived to the present day in some countries where modern money economy with its financial instruments is not widespread (for example countries in the territory of the former Soviet Union).

Turning to insurance in the modern sense (i.e., insurance in a modern money economy, in which insurance is part of the financial sphere), early methods of transferring or distributing risk were practised by Chinese and Babylonian traders as long ago as the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC, respectively. Chinese merchants travelling treacherous river rapids would redistribute their wares across many vessels to limit the loss due to any single vessel's capsizing. The Babylonians developed a system which was recorded in the famous Code of Hammurabi, c. 1750 BC, and practised by early Mediterranean sailing merchants. If a merchant received a loan to fund his shipment, he would pay the lender an additional sum in exchange for the lender's guarantee to cancel the loan should the shipment be stolen.

Achaemenian monarchs of Iran were the first to insure their people and made it official by registering the insuring process in governmental notary offices. The insurance tradition was performed each year in Norouz (beginning of the Iranian New Year); the heads of different ethnic groups as well as others willing to take part, presented gifts to the monarch. The most important gift was presented during a special ceremony. When a gift was worth more than 10,000 Derrik (Achaemenian gold coin) the issue was registered in a special office. This was advantageous to those who presented such special gifts. For others, the presents were fairly assessed by the confidants of the court. Then the assessment was registered in special offices.

The purpose of registering was that whenever the person who presented the gift registered by the court was in trouble, the monarch and the court would help him. Jahez, a historian and writer, writes in one of his books on ancient Iran: "[W]henever the owner of the present is in trouble or wants to construct a building, set up a feast, have his children married, etc. the one in charge of this in the court would check the registration. If the registered amount exceeded 10,000 Derrik, he or she would receive an amount of twice as much."[1]

A thousand years later, the inhabitants of Rhodes invented the concept of the 'general average'. Merchants whose goods were being shipped together would pay a proportionally divided premium which would be used to reimburse any merchant whose goods were jettisoned during storm or sinkage.

The Greeks and Romans introduced the origins of health and life insurance c. 600 AD when they organized guilds called "benevolent societies" which cared for the families and paid funeral expenses of members upon death. Guilds in the Middle Ages served a similar purpose. The Talmud deals with several aspects of insuring goods. Before insurance was established in the late 17th century, "friendly societies" existed in England, in which people donated amounts of money to a general sum that could be used for emergencies.

Separate insurance contracts (i.e., insurance policies not bundled with loans or other kinds of contracts) were invented in Genoa in the 14th century, as were insurance pools backed by pledges of landed estates. These new insurance contracts allowed insurance to be separated from investment, a separation of roles that first proved useful in marine insurance. Insurance became far more sophisticated in post-Renaissance Europe, and specialized varieties developed.

Toward the end of the seventeenth century, London's growing importance as a centre for trade increased demand for marine insurance. In the late 1680s, Edward Lloyd opened a coffee house that became a popular haunt of ship owners, merchants, and ships’ captains, and thereby a reliable source of the latest shipping news. It became the meeting place for parties wishing to insure cargoes and ships, and those willing to underwrite such ventures. Today, Lloyd's of London remains the leading market (note that it is not an insurance company) for marine and other specialist types of insurance, but it works rather differently than the more familiar kinds of insurance.

Insurance as we know it today can be traced to the Great Fire of London, which in 1666 devoured 13,200 houses. In the aftermath of this disaster, Nicholas Barbon opened an office to insure buildings. In 1680, he established England's first fire insurance company, "The Fire Office," to insure brick and frame homes.

The first insurance company in the United States underwrote fire insurance and was formed in Charles Town (modern-day Charleston), South Carolina, in 1732. Benjamin Franklin helped to popularize and make standard the practice of insurance, particularly against fire in the form of perpetual insurance. In 1752, he founded the Philadelphia Contributionship for the Insurance of Houses from Loss by Fire. Franklin's company was the first to make contributions toward fire prevention. Not only did his company warn against certain fire hazards, it refused to insure certain buildings where the risk of fire was too great, such as all wooden houses. In the United States, regulation of the insurance industry is highly Balkanized, with primary responsibility assumed by individual state insurance departments. Whereas insurance markets have become centralized nationally and internationally, state insurance commissioners operate individually, though at times in concert through a national insurance commissioners' organization. In recent years, some have called for a dual state and federal regulatory system (commonly referred to as the Optional Federal Charter (OFC)) for insurance similar to that which oversees state banks and national banks.
Auto insurance

Main article: Vehicle insurance

A wrecked vehicle

Auto insurance protects you against financial loss if you have an accident. It is a contract between you and the insurance company. You agree to pay the premium and the insurance company agrees to pay your losses as defined in your policy. Auto insurance provides property, liability and medical coverage: (1) Property coverage pays for damage to or theft of your car. (2) Liability coverage pays for your legal responsibility to others for bodily injury or property damage. and (3) Medical coverage pays for the cost of treating injuries, rehabilitation and sometimes lost wages and funeral expenses. An auto insurance policy is comprised of six different kinds of coverage. Most states require you to buy some, but not all, of these coverages. If you're financing a car, your lender may also have requirements.

Most auto policies are for six months to a year. Your insurance company should notify you by mail when it’s time to renew the policy and to pay your premium. [8]

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Dead Health Insurance Leads

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Spending time on asleep bloom allowance sales leads is a bad abstraction for abounding reasons. As you can imagine, if a customer does not appetite to shop for from you they apparently don’t appetite to apprehend from you on a approved basis. So not alone are you crumbling your time, but you are accomplishing the aforementioned to the consumer. Instead of authoritative this mistake, do yourself a favor and abstracted abeyant bloom leads from those that accept no adventitious of axis into a sale. By accomplishing this you will save yourself a lot of time which you can again put appear accepting in blow with consumers who may be absorbed in what you are offering.

How can you acquaint if a accumulation bloom allowance advance or approved bloom advance is dead? The best way of accomplishing this is to ask the consumer. If they acquaint you that they are affective on or accept already purchased a action you can be blow assured that the advance is dead. You can acknowledge the customer for his or her time, and acquaint them that you are consistently accessible in the approaching if annihilation comes up. Don’t be abrupt or aweless because you never apperceive what is activity to appear in the future. You don’t appetite to bake any bridges alike if you anticipate that the advance is dead.

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AIG to sell personal auto unit

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American International Group Inc. has agreed to advertise its 21st Century Allowance Group claimed auto allowance assemblage to Zurich Financial Services Group's Farmers Group Inc. subsidiary, the companies said Thursday.

Under the acceding of the agreement, Farmers is to pay AIG $1.9 billion in banknote and basic addendum for Wilmington, Del.-based 21st Century, which comprises AIG's U.S. claimed auto business. Farmers additionally will accept 21st Century's $100 actor in outstanding debt.

The transaction, which does not accommodate AIG's Private Client Group that provides allowance to high-net-worth individuals, is accountable to authoritative approval.

"We are actual admiring to ability acceding on a $2 billion transaction, abnormally in this bazaar environment," Edward Liddy, AIG's administrator and arch controlling officer, said in a statement. "In addition, we are affective advanced with discussions for several added transactions, and we abide to appraise how best to assure the connected backbone and success of all of AIG's businesses."

"This will badly transform the allowance mural by accession Farmers as the arch multiline, multichannel insurer in the United States," Robert Woudstra, CEO of Los Angeles-based Farmers Group, said in the statement.

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Privacy Policy for

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If you require any more information or have any questions about our privacy policy, please feel free to contact us by email at

At, the privacy of our visitors is of extreme importance to us. This privacy policy document outlines the types of personal information is received and collected by and how it is used.

Log Files
Like many other Web sites, makes use of log files. The information inside the log files includes internet protocol ( IP ) addresses, type of browser, Internet Service Provider ( ISP ), date/time stamp, referring/exit pages, and number of clicks to analyze trends, administer the site, track user’s movement around the site, and gather demographic information. IP addresses, and other such information are not linked to any information that is personally identifiable.

Cookies and Web Beacons does not use cookies.

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These third-party ad servers or ad networks use technology to the advertisements and links that appear on send directly to your browsers. They automatically receive your IP address when this occurs. Other technologies ( such as cookies, JavaScript, or Web Beacons ) may also be used by the third-party ad networks to measure the effectiveness of their advertisements and / or to personalize the advertising content that you see. has no access to or control over these cookies that are used by third-party advertisers.

You should consult the respective privacy policies of these third-party ad servers for more detailed information on their practices as well as for instructions about how to opt-out of certain practices.'s privacy policy does not apply to, and we cannot control the activities of, such other advertisers or web sites.

If you wish to disable cookies, you may do so through your individual browser options. More detailed information about cookie management with specific web browsers can be found at the browsers' respective websites.
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Steps to Filing Your Auto Insurance Claim, getting paid !!

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Getting Paid on an Auto Insurance Claim Steps to Filing Your Auto Insurance Claim, part Your Auto Insurance Claim,Evaluate Your Auto Insurance Claim, Fill out Your Auto Insurance Claim,getting your car fixed on Your Auto Insurance Claim
1. Evaluate whether or not you should file a claim: Did you know that just when you call your insurance company with a question about possibly filing a claim it is often recorded on your insurance record? It is important to keep your insurance record clean and one way is deciding whether or not you should file a claim. It doesn’t matter if the accident is your fault or not, you should ask yourself first if you can pay for the damage. Simply put, if you can pay for it yourself without financial hardship, don’t file the claim.
2. Fill out your What to do After an Auto Accident Worksheet: This worksheet, which when you click on the title is provided for print-out, will help you keep track of the information you will need to file your auto insurance claim. It is important to get every detail of the accident documented and to try to find witnesses that would be willing to talk to your insurance company to back-up your story.

3. File the claim ASAP: You will want to file the claim as soon as possible with your insurance company. Even if it is not your fault, your insurance company will handle the claim process as your advocate.

4. Prepare for a possible call from the other insurance company: If there is a dispute between the two parties in the accident, you may get a call from the other driver’s insurance company asking for your version of what happened at the accident scene. If this happens make sure you document everything you say and the name of the customer service agent you talked too.

5. Finally, getting your car fixed: If you had body damage to your vehicle this is when you will finally get it fixed. After your claim is approved, you will likely get a call from your insurance company about sending an insurance adjuster out to assess the damage or asking you to send your car to a pre-approved shop to get it fixed.

Sooner or later it happens to nearly all of us. An auto accident. You do all the right things at the accident scene. Then you made a few phone calls to get the insurance company to get the claims process started. Now it's about time for the payoff. Who's going to repair your car and how much will the insurance company pay? Let's see if we can't negotiate a fair deal for ourselves.

In most cases you'll need to get an estimate of what it will cost to repair the damage to your car. Remember that your goal is to get your car repaired properly so you won't have problems later. The insurance company's goal is to pay you as little as possible. They may suggest that you to use their 'convenient drive-in claims adjuster'. Or perhaps they'll use a quote from a local repair shop that gets lots of business from them.

Don't go for it. In either case the person providing the estimate is loyal to the insurance company. They have no reason to try to satisfy you. Find a shop that has your confidence. The dealer that sells that make of car is probably the best if they have a repair shop. You may want to get estimates from a couple of different shops. That's your choice. Check your policy. It rarely requires you to go to their shop or to get more than one estimate.

What happens if your car isn't driveable? Then have it towed to the shop of your choice. It's cheapest to do that right at the time of the accident. It's good to have the shop's name and address already available in your car. By having the car to the shop of your choice you've forced the adjuster to play on your home field. He has to respond to their estimate. On the other hand, if the car's in your driveway he can offer to have it towed to his favorite low cost shop. Then he'll have all the advantage in negotiating the price of the repairs.

OK, you've agreed on a shop and the work is completed. So it's just a matter of picking up the car. Right? Wrong! This is your last real chance to get the job done to your satisfaction. The insurance company will have named you on the check. You will be required to sign the check or a repair order stating that the work is completed. You may also need to write your own check to the repair shop for the deductible.

Don't sign off until you've thoroughly inspected the car. And I do mean thoroughly. Look at the bodywork under bright lights. Sunlight is best. Look at the car from all different angles. Is the sheetmetal straight? How's the paint? Try all the doors, windows and anything else that moves in the repaired area. Make sure that nothing is binding or crooked and that everything is properly aligned. Take it for a test drive. It should run and sound like before the accident. No new rattles. Make sure you understand your guarantee. If something goes wrong later you'll be dealing with the repair shop, not the insurance company.

If you've been forced to use a shop chosen by the insurance company, be especially careful to inspect the car. In fact, you probably would be wise to 'drop in' once or twice during the repair to actually see what's happening. Ask to see all the old parts that they were going to replace. They could save some money by repairing a molding or other part instead of buying a replacement part. All shops are not dishonest, but some are.

Suppose that your agent calls and says that you car is a total loss. They want to cut you a check for the value of the car and you just give them the car and title. There are two potential problems. First, your car was worth more to you than anyone else. That's why you were still driving it. Second, how do you determine what the car's worth?

The adjuster will probably use the Kelly Blue Book. They might also include classified ads for similar cars to come up with an offer for your car. Expect them to offer you the 'wholesale' value. That's what the dealer would pay for the car before they add their profit margin to sell it to you. Naturally, you'll end up paying retail. Shouldn't your payoff be at retail?

How can you get a higher price? By shopping! Go to a number of dealers. Read the classified ads for comparable cars. Make a list and give it to the adjuster. If that fails, ask him to find a replacement car for the amount he's offering. He's the one that says it's out there. Let him prove it.

Now's the time that homework pays off. Was your car a low mileage vehicle? That's worth something. Did you keep maintenance records to show that the car was in above average condition? Do you have any pictures or other evidence that your car was a 'cream puff'?

Oh, and don't forget to add in the cost of tax and title. In some places it can be 6 or 8% of the price of the car. In almost all cases that will be hundreds of dollars.

Hopefully, you won't ever need to settle an auto accident claim. But, if you're ever in an accident, knowing how to deal with the insurance company is essential. They expect you to pay your premiums faithfully. It's up to you to make sure that they pay properly on your claim. Nothing that the average driver armed with a little knowledge can't do. And if it ever comes up, so can you!
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AIG CEO to quit over Goldman stake

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A U.S. agent Thursday bidding affair about a pale in Goldman Sachs Group Inc. captivated by Edward Liddy, arch controlling administrator of bailed-out insurer American International Group Inc., and apprenticed him to quit.

Mr. Liddy owns shares and belted banal units in Goldman that could be account added than $3 million, according to filings at the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.

Goldman, a above allowance and cyberbanking firm, got a ample allotment of $90 billion in counterparty payments fabricated by AIG, a almsman of $180 billion in aborigine aid back aftermost year.

"I am acutely anxious by contempo media letters that AIG CEO Edward Liddy owns added than $3 actor of banal in Goldman Sachs, which topped the account of companies that accustomed billions of dollars in counterparty payments from AIG," said Rep. Elijah Cummings, D-Md., in a statement.


"For months, I accept been calling on Mr. Liddy to abandon from his position at the captain of AIG, and in ablaze of the fresh advice about his banal backing at Goldman, I renew that anxiety today," Rep. Cummings added.

Mr. Liddy's backing were aboriginal appear by The Washington Examiner.

Rep. Cummings said: "Regardless of whether or not Mr. Liddy is acting in the best absorption of AIG or of his banal in Goldman, alike the actualization of battle of absorption is a acumen for alarm."

An AIG backer said Mr. Liddy endemic Goldman Sachs shares afore he abutting the Goldman lath and that, back he joined, he chose to booty his advantage in belted stock. Mr. Liddy accommodated from the Goldman lath in September 2008.

"He will accept his belted banal in the anatomy of common, complete shares in May of 2009," she said, abacus that Mr. Liddy has never awash Goldman shares.

She said Mr. Liddy "was not complex in discussions with counterparties, including Goldman Sachs, accompanying to the acquirement of collateralized debt obligations or the abortion of accompanying acclaim absence swaps. Mr. Liddy is assuming his duties with AIG as accessible account for $1 per year."

The centralized babysitter for the Treasury Department's banking accomplishment affairs is analytical billions of dollars in counterparty payments from AIG to above banks.

AIG appear on March 15 it had paid added than $90 billion to Goldman and added banks, abounding based in Europe.

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AIG Crisis Could Affect Annuities

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AIG CrisisGavin Magor abutting Ratings in 2008, and is the chief analyst amenable for allotment banking backbone ratings to bloom insurers and acknowledging added bloom care-related customer products, including Medicare supplement insurance, abiding affliction allowance and ancient affliction information. He conducts industry assay in these areas. He has added than 20 years' all-embracing acquaintance in acclaim accident management, bartering lending and analysis, alive in the U.K., Sweden, Mexico, Brazil and the U.S. He holds a master's bulk in business administering from The Open University in the U.K.

TSC Ratings provides absolute stock, ETF and alternate armamentarium ratings and annotation based on award-winning, proprietary tools. Its "safety first" access to advance aims to abate accident while gluttonous solid outperformance on a absolute acknowledgment basis.

As American All-embracing Group (AIG:NYSE) fights to axis billions of dollars in losses and survive the affliction bread-and-butter abatement back the Great Depression, investors should anticipate adamantine afore affairs the allowance company's annuities.

The government, examination AIG as too important to fail, has committed added than $200 billion to prop up the ailing company, which absent a almanac $61.7 billion in the fourth quarter. AIG has formed adamantine to assure afraid consumers, reminding them that its allowance subsidiaries are "well capitalized." The National Association of Allowance Commissioners alike offers a ability folio on its Web armpit to let consumers apperceive that AIG annuities are safe, alike if the aggregation becomes insolvent.

AIG annuities, allowance behavior that serve as advance vehicles, ability assume like a safe abode to bundle money until retirement, but the aggregation is decumbent to alternation this year and investors ability appetite to accede added options. While its allowance units are capitalized now, they could face problems after this year if exceptional acquirement continues to slow.

On the face of it, AIG seems like a solid company. It had added than 6 actor accomplishment affairs at anniversary accretion $131.7 billion, and action affluence of $184.6 billion to abutment them. It took in $53 billion in premiums in 2008, abiding 16% in pre-tax operating accumulation compared with the 13% boilerplate accident of its peers.

AIG kept costs beneath ascendancy and paid commissions that were 30% lower than average. Among its band holdings, 5.9% were clutter status, compared with to 6.4% for the industry.

Annuity sales rose during the aboriginal bisected of 2008. That bound afflicted during the additional half, back abounding policyholders cashed in their affairs fearing the aggregation ability collapse. AIG concluded the year with a 2.7% abandonment rate, up 42% from 2007 and added than bifold the 1.1% boilerplate for the market.

AIG maintains its basic and surplus positions by accession premiums. If the aggregation loses added policyholders or fails to allure fresh investors, it could face problems. This year has been so airy that AIG apparently absent added policyholders.

AIG's activity allowance units took in $53 billion in premiums and absent $24 billion. The losses far beat the group's $15 billion in net basic and surplus. In contrast, Hartford Banking Services(HIG:NYSE) absent $4.5 billion and kept $6 billion in capital, and MetLife (MET:NYSE) absent $632 actor and took in $18 billion.

The Treasury Department said aftermost anniversary it would extend bailout funds to activity allowance companies. The government stands abaft AIG, but it ability accede affairs its units to accumulate the aggregation activity and assure policyholders. However, the government ability attempt to acquisition an buyer who doesn't appetite to change policyholders' arrangement terms. At the least, barter ability accept to assignment with a fresh company.

It's important to shop for annuities alone from financially complete companies. If the aggregation fails while you're advantageous into your annuity, you will accept the bulk of the account. However, if the close becomes bankrupt while you're accession assets from your policy, you'll accept alone what's covered by agreement associations, an bulk that varies by state. Ratings, afresh cited for Best Banal Selection from October 2007 through February 2009 , is an absolute assay provider that combines axiological and abstruse assay to action investors amazing bulk in airy times.

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Insurance reform bill tackles systemic risk

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MOMENTUM CONTINUES TO BUILD for some anatomy of federal allowance regulation, and that absolutely is a acceptable thing.

As we address on folio 1, Reps. Melissa Bean, D-Ill., and Ed Royce, R-Calif., accept alien a new—and, we believe, improved—version of the allowance authoritative ameliorate bill they alien in the aftermost Congress. That bill would accept accustomed insurers and producers to accept whether they would be adapted by accompaniment or federal authorities.

We say the National Allowance Consumer Protection Act is an advance because it takes into annual allotment of the acumen for the bread-and-butter agitation of the accomplished few months by removing the aspect of best for insurers accounted to be systemically important. Those insurers would be federally regulated, period.

And that's the way it should be. Anybody knows what happened to American International Group Inc. back authoritative blank bootless and, what Federal Chairman Ben Bernanke so memorably declared as a barrier armamentarium aloft of an insurer, about destroyed the basal allowance company. Such a bearings can never be accustomed to appear again.

By agreement some—and allowance are not actual many—insurance companies beneath a federal regulator who would alike with a abstracted systemic accident regulator, the affairs of addition AIG-type near-collapse should be abundantly diminished. That's a ambition anybody should support, and we accept a well-crafted federal authoritative anatomy is the best way to accomplish that.
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The End of Private Health Insurance

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Above every added health-care goal, Democrats this year appetite to convention a "public option" -- an allowance affairs financed by taxpayers, managed by government and accessible to everyone, abundant like Medicare. This fresh common alms is the best important agitation in Congress this year, because it absolutely is the aftermost angle for annihilation akin clandestine bloom insurance.

This accessible advantage will allegedly "compete" with clandestine alternatives. As President Obama brand to put it, those who are blessed with the allowance they acquire now can accumulate it -- and if they appear to adopt the government offering, well, gee whiz, that's the chargeless bazaar at work. The absoluteness is far different. Not abandoned will the fresh affairs become the absence advantage for the uninsured, but Democrats intend to bold the arrangement to accelerate -- or if allegation be, beset -- an departure to government from clandestine insurance. Soon enough, that will be the abandoned "option" left.

A accessible affairs won't attempt in a way that any accustomed business would recognize. As an entitlement, Congress's conception will get pleasure potentially absolute admission to the Treasury, after incurring the risks or ambiguity adjoin losses that clandestine carriers do. As bodies approach to "free" or heavily subsidized care, the accordingly atomic costs will be covered in allotment with added outlays to accumulate premiums artificially low or alike action added benefits. Lacking such aborigine cash, clandestine allowance ante will escalate.

Much like Medicare, all-embracing spending in the accessible advantage will be controlled over time by advantageous beneath for medical services, drugs and technology. With its monopsony purchasing power, below-market fees will be dictated on a take-it-or-leave-it base -- an action hospitals and physicians won't be able to refuse. Medicare's accepted agreement behavior pay hospitals abandoned 71% of clandestine rates, and doctors 81%, according to the Lewin Group.

In a contempo analysis, Lewin estimates that acceptance in the accessible advantage will adeptness 131 actor bodies if it is accessible to anybody and pays Medicare rates. Absolutely 119 actor bodies will about-face out of -- or lose -- clandestine coverage. Everything depends on the acquittal levels that Congress adopts, as able-bodied as the admeasurement of the acceptable pool. But alike if a accessible advantage accessible to all takes the awful doubtful footfall of advantageous at some mean amid clandestine and Medicare rates, about 68 actor bodies will still be awash out of clandestine insurance. The adjacent table summarizes Lewin's agitative findings.

This accessible advantage would be the best abolitionist change in the way American bloom affliction is financed -- and appropriately provided -- in at atomic 44 years, and maybe ever. About 170 actor bodies currently acquire clandestine insurance, which is already pressured by the amount controls of Medicare and Medicaid. A cogent allotment of government underpayments are artlessly transferred to the clandestine sector, abacus tens of billions of dollars every year to customer bloom bills.

A 2006 abstraction in the annual Bloom Affairs concludes that about 17 cents of every dollar in about reductions in Medicare payments to clandestine hospitals are confused assimilate clandestine patients -- and that such cost-shifting accounts for absolutely 12.3% of the absolute access in clandestine payer prices amid 1997 and 2001.

This allotment would be far college were government acquittal ante not bound to the aged and the poor but imposed over the absolute system. This will abandoned accelerate the flight to government. Meanwhile, administration baby and ample will acquire every allurement to dump their affairs and alteration their workers to the accessible rolls. The aftereffect will accordingly be a avalanche of failures or withdrawals from the bazaar by bartering insurers, with the accessible advantage as the abandoned advantage for the diaspora.

Congress will accomplishment the job with authoritative changes. Under the advocacy of a akin arena field, all clandestine affairs will be affected to action annual bales agnate to those in the accessible option. They will additionally be appropriate to acquire all comers, behindhand of above-mentioned conditions, and additionally be affected to action agnate ante to all enrollees, catastrophe the adeptness to administer accident through underwriting. Any clandestine plan will about become a accessible annual area government decides what articles it allegation action and how abundant it can charge.

Democrats couldn't be clearer on this point. House baron Pete Stark -- who anticipation HillaryCare was too abstinent and has continued advantaged Medicare for all -- said at a contempo audition that currently "We acquire no apparatus to anon advance the clandestine area to do commitment arrangement ameliorate and abode ascent costs." But the accessible option, he added, would force clandestine insurers to "modernize," which seems to be his appellation for automated policy.

Under this model, the anniversary political warfare over Medicare acquittal behavior would be alien to what is larboard of the clandestine sector. Once government takes over the majority of U.S. health-care liabilities, it can either accommodate every annual at huge and growing cost, or it can allowance services. Bodies who allegation an MRI or hip backup or whatever will face cat-and-mouse lines. Medical addition will be at the benevolence of the amount controls hashed out in Washington.

Proponents of a accessible advantage point to the Federal Employees Bloom Allowances Affairs to abolish such criticism, but that affairs is offered abandoned to a detached population. Mr. Obama's angle would be accessible to anybody and necessitate a huge abiding access in government spending as a allotment of the economy. Medicare and Medicaid abandoned annual for 4% of GDP today and will acceleration to 9% by 2035, according to the Congressional Budget Office. CBO estimates that alone and accumulated assets tax ante would acquire to acceleration by about 90% to accounts the projected access in spending through 2050 -- after the fresh common entitlement.

Proponents will say we are exaggerating, but the after-effects we call are assured back government bulldozes into a market. Democrats appetite to advertise their "public option" as a bashful and affordable ameliorate that won't affect anyone's clandestine insurance. It isn't true. Republicans, abnormally those in the Senate who appetite to cut a accord on bloom care, should accept that a accessible advantage is the alpha of the end of clandestine bloom insurance.

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About Insurance.

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Put basically, allowance enables those who ache a blow or blow to be compensated for the furnishings of their misfortune. The payments appear from a armamentarium of money contributed by all the holders of alone allowance policies. In added words, alone risks are affiliated and shared, with anniversary policyholder authoritative a addition to the accepted fund.

The addition is accepted as the premium. Premiums are paid to insurers - these are institutions which accrue the money into the armamentarium from which claims are paid. The blow is in actuality paid for by the policyholder authoritative the affirmation and by all the added policyholders who accept not suffered in the aforementioned way.

Insurers are able blow takers. They apperceive the anticipation of altered types of blow happening. They can account the premiums bare to actualize a armamentarium ample abundant to awning acceptable blow payments. Clearly, alone a admeasurement of policyholders will crave advantage from the armamentarium at any one time.

So two important factors appear back artful the premium. Firstly, the accepted likelihood that a blow will occur. Secondly, whether the accurate policyholder is aloft or beneath boilerplate in risk.

Take three examples. In motor allowance a adolescent being with a aerial powered car, or a disciplinarian with a continued history of accidents will pay a college exceptional than a complete and accomplished disciplinarian with a bashful alehouse who has been blow free.

Similarly, the buyer of a angle and dent boutique will pay a college exceptional for his blaze allowance than, say, the buyer of an office. The blow is greater, so the exceptional is higher.

Someone who is young, fit and in a certain job will acquisition it easier to shop for activity insurance, and will pay lower premiums than addition who has a affection action or is in a chancy occupation.

Two kinds of Insurance

There are two different kinds of insurance - life insurance and general insurance. With life insurance you don't renew your policy each year. Instead, you agree to pay a fixed premium for a set number of years. In other words you enter a long-term commitment when you buy a life insurance policy.

What is the Difference?

General insurance pays out:
if a car has an accident or is stolen;
if a house catches fire or is burgled;
if a holiday has to be cancelled;
if someone is careless and damages other people's property.

Most life policies, on the other hand, pay out when an event happens;
when someone dies;
when someone survives beyond a specific date.

Anyone can buy life insurance but, of course, the premium will depend on your age, your health, and your occupation.
Husbands and wives can insure each other's lives. However, you cannot insure the lives of other people unless you have a financial involvement in their life. This principle of insurance is called "insurable interest".

Insurable Interest

Insurable interest is a fundamental principle of insurance. It means that the person wishing to take out insurance must be legally entitled to insure the article, or the event, or the life. In other words, the happening of the event insured against, or the death of the life insured must cause the policyholder financial loss. Mr Smith would not be able to insure Mr Brown's house because its destruction would not cause Mr Smith financial loss. Similarly, you cannot insure the lives of other people unless you have a financial interest in the life being insured. The principle of insurable interest demonstrates the difference between insurance and a wager or bet.

General Principles

Other principles apply to all kinds of insurance.
Insurance can provide compensation only for the actual value of property. It cannot cover the loss of sentimental value, for example.
There must be a large number of similar risks so that the likelihood of a claim can be spread among other policyholders. It must be possible for insurers to calculate the chance of loss so that a premium can be set which matches the risk.
Losses must not be deliberate and not inevitable. Clearly, you could not buy fire insurance for a house which was already burning nor life insurance for someone on his or her deathbed.
Lastly, there are some risks which have financial implications so vast that they can be dealt with only by the state. These risks (mainly those arising from war or the major escape of nuclear or radioactive material) are normally not insurable.
Insurance takes the risk away from people's lives and businesses. It brings peace of mind to the policyholder. In return for paying premiums the policyholder knows that, if the unexpected happens, financial compensation will be available from the fund of premiums.
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Inurance Benefit

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Insurance Benefits encompass the facilities associated with buying of insurances. Insurance is mainly a instrument used by consumers for hedging the future contingent risks related with life, health and non-life general issues. Insurance benefits help the policy holder or beneficiary in combating with the losses or hazards associated with him/her.

The policy holder buys the insurance to hedge against the future perceived losses by paying a regular amount to he insurance company known as the Premium. Insurance companies ensure financial reimbursement of the insured losses to the policy holders or his/her beneficiary. This is the most coveted Insurance Benefits.

But with time, more and more insurance companies have cropped up and consequently the competition among them has increased. Every company is trying to woo all the customers into its fold and in a way offering more and more innovative Insurance Benefits to the consumers.
  • Affordability of Insurance
    The foremost insurance benefit in todays world is the low insurance rate and premium one has to pay. While choosing a insurance policy, every customer looks at this rate first and then to the other associated benefits. The lesser the insurance rate, the more affordable the insurance becomes. Thus, among all the insurance benefits, low insurance rate and premium is the most coveted one.

  • Accessibility Of Insurance
    The easy accessibility of a insurance is the next most coveted Insurance Benefits that the customers look for. The online access to insurance companies and their policies has made them more lucrative to the customers. Now-a-days, customers can search, compare and select their insurance coverage through the click of a mouse from their own residence. This has been observed that through online services, the insurance companies have been able to reach more number of customers and consequently their customer base has also mopped up significantly.

  • Some of the other Insurance Benefits are :-
    • Basic benefits of the insurance policy. That is, the person enrolling for the policy is entitled to receive the financial compensation in case of actual occurrence of the loss/hazard/damage.

    • Optional Insurance Benefits are also given by the companies to their policy holders in order to entice them to access their insurance package. These optional benefits include
      • health and dental insurance of the family, life insurance of the spouse and the child,
      • accidental death policy for the policy holder in addition to the actual insurance for which he/she has enrolled for,
      • long term and short term insurance plans against disability of the policy holder
      • unit linked insurance schemes meant for appreciation of the accumulated capital during the life span of the same, managed by an experienced and well-learned fund manager

    • Pre-tax insurance benefits
      These benefits are an added advantage to the insurance holders because they help them in saving a large portion of their tax payment. When the tax-payment gets curtailed then consequently their disposable income increases leading to more enjoyment out of a secured life.

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What is Insurance ?

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Insurance in its basal anatomy is authentic as “ A arrangement amid two parties whereby one affair alleged insurer undertakes in barter for a anchored sum alleged premiums, to pay the added affair alleged insured a anchored bulk of money on the accident of a assertive event."

In simple agreement it is a arrangement amid the being who buys Insurance and an Insurance aggregation who awash the Policy. By entering into arrangement the Insurance aggregation agrees to pay the Policy holder or his ancestors associates a agreed sum of money in case of any adverse accident for a agreed anchored sum payable which is in accustomed appellation alleged Insurance Premiums.

Insurance is basically a aegis adjoin a banking accident which can appear on the accident of an abrupt event. Insurance companies aggregate premiums to accommodate for this protection. By advantageous a actual baby sum of money a being can aegis himself and his ancestors financially from an adverse event.

For Example if a being buys a Life Insurance Policy by advantageous a exceptional to the Insurance aggregation , the ancestors associates of insured being accept a anchored advantage in case of any adverse accident like death.

There are altered kinds of Insurance Products accessible such as Life Insurance , Vehicle Insurance, Home Insurance, Travel Insurance, Health or Mediclaim Insurance etc.

To apperceive added about altered blazon of Insurance Products amuse appointment our folio Learn Insurance.

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Affordable Car Insurance - It Is Out There!

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Everyone wants affordable car insurance but nobody wants to pay the price. That may not have made much sense to you but the insurance buyer has to be better informed. There has to be some time spent on educating yourself enough to make intelligent decisions about your next insurance purchase. Too many folks avoid all responsibility when it comes to buying car insurance. You do not need an insurance course to understand the fundamentals involved in rating car insurance. Look at the declarations page on you car insurance and you will find all that you need to know.

The Declarations Page

1. Policy Period – This is the specific time period that the policy is effective. Some car insurance policies have an annual renewal and others have a six month renewal. Do not shop for car insurance with a declarations page that shows that your policy period has expired. That could cause you to be placed into a sub-standard carrier. Shop at least one month before your insurance is ready to expire.

2. Vehicles – Your vehicles will affect your physical damage rate. When shopping, make sure that you give the quoting company the vehicle identification number of all of your vehicles. This is usually on your declarations page.

3. Drivers in Household – Every resident relative with a driver’s license should be listed on the policy unless they have other insurance.

4. Liability Limits – These are the limits for bodily injury and property damage insurance. This is very important coverage and not a good place to cut costs if you are a property owner. This portion of your policy pays benefits to the party that you have may have injured in an auto accident. It also pays for the damage to their vehicle.

5. Physical Damage – This is your collision and comprehensive benefit that you see on your declarations page. This is coverage for your automobiles. Your deductible selection will raise or lower the rate.

These are some of the many policy benefits that you will find on your declarations page. Ask your insurance company about discounts and tort option. Learn all that you can and you can help make your car insurance more affordable.
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Privacy Policy

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The privacy of our visitors to this blog is important to us.
At this blog, we recognize that privacy of your personal information is important. Here is information on what types of personal information we receive and collect when you use visit this blog, and how we safeguard your information. We never sell your personal information to third parties.

Log Files
As with most other websites, we collect and use the data contained in log files. The information in the log files include your IP (internet protocol) address, your ISP (internet service provider, such as AOL or Shaw Cable), the browser you used to visit our site (such as Internet Explorer, Firefox or Google Chrome), the time you visited our blog and which pages you visited throughout our blog.

Cookies and Web Beacons
We do use cookies to store information, such as your personal preferences when you visit our blog. This could include only showing you a popup once in your visit, or the ability to login to some of our features, such as forums.

We also use third party advertisements on this blog to support our blog. Some of these advertisers may use technology such as cookies and web beacons when they advertise on our blog, which will also send these advertisers (such as Google through the Google AdSense program) information including your IP address, your ISP , the browser you used to visit our blog, and in some cases, whether you have Flash installed. This is generally used for geotargeting purposes (showing New York real estate ads to someone in New York, for example) or showing certain ads based on specific sites visited (such as showing cooking ads to someone who frequents cooking sites).

You can chose to disable or selectively turn off our cookies or third-party cookies in your browser settings, or by managing preferences in programs such as Norton Internet Security. However, this can affect how you are able to interact with our blog as well as other websites. This could include the inability to login to services or programs, such as logging into forums or accounts.
Google, as a third party vendor, uses cookies to serve ads on this website.

Google’s use of the DART cookie enables it to serve ads to our users based on their visit to our blogs and other websites on the Internet.
As a user, you may opt out of the use of the DART cookie by visiting the Google Ad and content network privacy policy.

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